Detection of Affective Patterns in Physiological Signals Towards Improving Automatic Emotion Recognition

Jonghwa Kim and Elisabeth André

erschienen 2009 "Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision", Volume 4, Chapter 3.6, Pages 415 - 434

Verlag: World Scientific Publishing


In this chapter, we investigate the potential of physiological signals as reliable channels for emotion recognition. All essential stages of an automatic recognition system are discussed, from the recording of a physiological dataset to a feature-based multiclass classification. In order to collect a physiological dataset from multiple subjects, we developed a musical induction method, without any deliberate lab setting. Four-channel biosensors were used to measure electromyogram, electrocardiogram, skin conductivity, and respiration changes. A wide range of physiological features from various analysis domains is proposed to find the best emotion-relevant features and correlate them with emotional states. The best features extracted are specified in detail and their effectiveness is proven by classification results. Classification of four musical emotions (positive/high arousal, negative/high arousal, negative/low arousal, positive/low arousal) is performed by using an extended linear discriminant analysis (pLDA). Furthermore, by exploiting a dichotomic property of the 2D emotion model, we develop a novel scheme of emotion-specific multilevel dichotomous classification (EMDC) and compare its performance with direct multiclass classification using the pLDA.


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